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urea importing countries

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Urea is a widely recognized and essential agricultural product that holds significant importance in the global market for export.

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It is a nitrogenous compound produced mainly from ammonia and carbon dioxide and serves as a vital source of nitrogen for plants.

As a fertilizer, urea provides the necessary nutrients for plant growth and plays a crucial role in enhancing crop yields.

Read this article to get familiar with the most important nutrient of urea fertilizer for plants: “Urea Nitrogen Fertilizer

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Why Is Urea a Famous Chemical?

Urea’s popularity as a famous product for export stems from several factors.

Firstly, its high nitrogen content makes it an efficient and cost-effective fertilizer choice for farmers worldwide. It can be easily applied to various crops and is compatible with different soil types.

Additionally, urea’s relatively low production cost and long shelf life contribute to its wide availability and affordability.

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The demand for urea in the international market is driven by:

  • The increasing global population
  • The need for sustainable agricultural practices

As countries strive to enhance food production and ensure food security, urea becomes a valuable commodity for boosting crop productivity.

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Top Urea Importing Countries 2021

In 2021, India stood out as the largest importer of urea globally, accounting for a significant share of 18.1% of the total world imports – USD 4.16 billion.  

This indicates India’s substantial reliance on imported urea to meet its agricultural needs.

The country’s large population and extensive agricultural sector contribute to the high demand for urea fertilizers.

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Top Urea Importing Countries by Volume in 2021

CountryUrea Imports (% of World)
India18.1%
Brazil14.2%
USA11.2%
Australia5.41%
Thailand3.95%

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Following closely behind India, Brazil imported 14.2% of the world’s urea in 2021 – USD 3.27 billion).

Brazil’s agricultural industry, particularly its large-scale production of crops like soybeans and sugarcane, drives the demand for urea as a key fertilizer.

The country’s fertile lands and favorable climate conditions make it a significant player in global agricultural markets.

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The United States ranked third, importing 11.2% of the world’s urea in 2021 – USD 2.57 billion.  

The US has a diverse agricultural sector, encompassing a wide range of crops such as corn, wheat, and soybeans. Urea is a vital input for American farmers to enhance crop yields and ensure food production.

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Australia and Thailand also made substantial urea imports in 2021, with shares of 5.41% (USD 1.24 billion) and 3.95%, (USD 906 million) respectively.

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Australia, known for its vast agricultural land and livestock industry, relies on urea to support its agricultural productivity. Thailand, with its tropical climate and diverse agricultural sector, utilizes urea for various crops such as rice, rubber, and fruits.

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Overall, these countries’ significant urea imports reflect the importance of this fertilizer in supporting agricultural productivity and meeting the global demand for food and fiber.

The data highlights the reliance of these nations on imported urea to support their respective agricultural sectors and underscores the global significance of urea as a key component in sustainable farming practices.

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Top Urea Importing Countries 2020

In 2020, global urea imports experienced a slight decline, amounting to approximately 48 million tonnes, which represented a decrease of 2.9% compared to the previous year.

The value of urea imports also decreased, reaching an estimated $12.7 billion according to IndexBox estimates.

Although countries like Brazil, Argentina, Australia, and Spain significantly increased their urea imports in 2020, the overall global imports of urea experienced a slight decline during that year.

Despite this, India, Brazil, and the United States continued to maintain their positions as the largest markets for imported urea worldwide.

The below picture shows the largest urea importing countries in 2020

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Top Urea Importing Countries 2020

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Brazil achieved the most significant increase in purchase volume among the primary importing countries in 2020, with a year-on-year growth rate of 27.6%.

Argentina followed closely behind with a growth rate of 25.6%, while Australia and Spain experienced notable growth rates of 21.0% and 20.9% respectively.

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Top Urea Importing Countries 2019

In 2019, India stood as the largest global importer of urea, accounting for a significant quantity of around 9.7 million metric tons.

The next two leading countries in urea imports were Brazil and the United States, both surpassing 4.8 million metric tons.

The 10 largest urea importing countries in 2019 are demonstrated in the below chart.

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Top Urea Importing Countries 2019

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Amoot Urea Export to India

Amoot Iranian Trading Company plays a significant role in exporting urea fertilizer to India.

Each year, the company facilitates the export of a considerable amount of urea fertilizer in various forms from Turkmenistan and Iran.

This export operation is conducted through the BND port in Iran, and the fertilizers are shipped to multiple Indian ports, including Nhava Sheva, Mumbai, Kandla, Mundra, and others.

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India’s Port Hubs: Where Amoot Company’s Exported Cargoes Dock

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Amoot Company serves as a reliable intermediary in the urea export process, ensuring a smooth supply chain from the source countries to the Indian market.

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