Which country exports the most sulfur?

If you want to know which countries export the most sulfur, continue reading this article. Canada is the biggest sulfur exporter of the world in 2021. Over half of the world sulfur export was done by Canada, equal to 62% (USD 123 million).



The second biggest sulfur exporter was India, which exported 13.5% of the world sulfur in 2021 (USD 26 million).

Ranking third is Singapore with 6.03% of the world sulfur export (USD 11.8 million).

The USA and Slovak Republic are in fourth and fifth places. Each one respectively exported 5.99% and 2.38% of global sulfur.


Top Sulfur Exporting Countries in 2021

  Ranking  CountryShare of world sulfur export in 2021Value of sulfur export in 2021
1Canada62%$123 million
2India13.5%$26 million
3Singapore6.03%$11.8 million
4USA5.99%$11.7 million
5Slovak Republic2.38%$4.68 million


Canada sulfur export

Canada is a significant sulfur exporter, with exports accounting for a significant portion of the world’s supply. 

The country’s abundant natural resources, including vast reserves of sulfur, combined with its well-developed mining and transportation infrastructure, make it well-positioned to meet the global demand for this essential mineral.

The country also has a strong and efficient supply chain, which helps ensure reliable delivery of high-quality sulfur to customers around the world.

Overall, Canada’s position as a major sulfur exporter highlights its significant role in the global minerals and chemicals industry, and underscores its ability to play a critical role in meeting the world’s needs for this essential resource.

It’s worth mentioning that elemental sulfur is mostly recovered from natural gas in Alberta and a limited amount is recovered in British Columbia.

As the world’s demand for sulfur is predicted to increase at an average annual rate of 3.3% between 2020 to 2025, Canada’s position as the top sulfur exporter would be exceptional.


The top three fastest-growing markets for Canadian sulfur exports from 2019 to 2020 were:

  • Morocco ($14.7M)
  • Mexico ($10.5M)
  • United States ($3.34M)


The history of sulfur production in Canada dates back over 100 years. The first plant in Canada to process hydrogen sulfide (H2S) from sour natural gas was established in Turner Valley, Alberta in 1921.

However, it wasn’t until 1952 that the first plant to extract and convert H2S from natural gas to sulfur was built at Jumping Pound near Calgary.

During the mid-1970s and mid-1990s, a decrease in sulfur exports resulted in the creation of large sulfur blocks stockpiles, primarily in Alberta.

In 1981, these stockpiles held over 20 million tons of solidified sulfur reserves, which declined to less than 3 million tons by the early 1990s due to growing global demand. 

Since 1993, global demand for sulfur has surpassed supply, resulting in the re-blocking of sulfur in Alberta.


India sulfur export

India is also a significant sulfur exporter, which was the second top sulfur exporter in 2021.

The country has abundant natural resources, including sulfur, and a well-developed mining industry, which allows it to produce and export large quantities of this essential mineral.

Additionally, India’s strong economic growth and expanding manufacturing sector have increased the demand for sulfur, further boosting its exports.

Overall, India’s position as a major sulfur supplier highlights its role in the global minerals and chemicals industry and its ability to meet the demands of the world’s growing economy.


Singapore sulfur export

Singapore holds a significant position in the global sulfur export industry as it is considered the third largest exporter of this commodity. 

A significant portion of its sulfur production is exported to several countries around the world, with the majority being shipped to Indonesia, the United States, and Vietnam. 

These countries are among the top sulfur importers from Singapore, making them important trade partners for the city-state in terms of sulfur exports.


USA sulfur export

The United States is a major player in the sulfur export industry, ranking among the top exporters of this commodity globally.

With its abundant natural resources and well-developed infrastructure, the US has become a reliable source of high-quality sulfur for many countries around the world.

The country’s strong production capacity and strategic location make it an attractive destination for sulfur import, helping it to maintain its position as one of the top sulfur exporters in the world.


Top export destinations of sulfur from USA in 2021 were:

  • New Caledonia
  • Canada
  • Indonesia
  • China
  • Mexico
  • Other Asia, nes
  • United Kingdom
  • Israel
  • Guatemala
  • Hong Kong


Let us take a look at the uses of sulfur chemical as one of the most exported substances in the world.  


Sulphur is a highly versatile substance with various applications across multiple industries. 


  • One of the most prevalent uses of sulfur is in the production of fertilizers, which play a crucial role in satisfying the global food demand. 
  • In agriculture, sulfur is also employed as a component in fungicides and pesticides to safeguard crops against disease and pests.
  • The rubber industry utilizes sulfur as a vulcanizing agent, enhancing the elasticity and durability of rubber products. 
  • The pharmaceutical sector also incorporates sulfur in the manufacture of specific drugs and supplements.
  • Sulphur plays a crucial role in the metal industry by being used in the production of steel and other alloys, as well as for extracting valuable metals like gold and silver. 
  • Additionally, the element is an essential component in the creation of batteries and fireworks.



Who is the largest producer of Sulphur? (by country)

China is the biggest producer of sulfur but it is not the biggest sulfur exporter as its internal demand is high. As mentioned previously, Canada is the largest sulfur exporter worldwide.

The table below shows the helpful data you need to know about the top sulfur producing countries.


Top Sulfur Producing Countries in 2021

RankingCountrySulfur production (in 1,000 MT)
4Saudi Arabia6,500
9South Korea3,100

China was the first sulfur producer in 2021 followed by the USA. China produced 17,000 MT of sulfur in 2021 and USA sulfur production was 8,100 MT.

Russia, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Canada, Kazakhstan, India, South Korea, Japan, and Iran are respectively the third to eleventh sulfur producing countries in 2021.


China sulfur production

China is a dominant force in the world of sulfur production. The country is one of the largest producers and consumers of sulfur, with a significant portion of its production being exported to other countries.

The increasing demand for sulfur in various industries such as agriculture, rubber, pharmaceuticals, and metal manufacturing has contributed to China’s position as a major player in sulfur production.

China’s sulfur production is largely based on its vast reserves of sulfur-rich crude oil and natural gas. 

The country has a well-developed infrastructure for extracting and processing sulfur, making it easier for China to meet the growing demand for the element.

Furthermore, the government’s supportive policies and investment in the sulfur industry have contributed to the growth and development of the sector.

In conclusion, China’s dominance in sulfur production is a result of its vast resources, well-developed infrastructure, and supportive policies. 

The country’s position as a major producer and exporter of sulfur highlights its significant impact on the global sulfur market and the important role it plays in meeting the increasing demand for the element across various industries.


USA sulfur production

In 2014, the United States produced 9.04 million metric tons of sulfur, which was obtained as a byproduct from various sources like oil refineries (83%), natural gas processing facilities (10%), and metal smelters (7%).

The country was the second largest sulfur producer in the world after China. 

The sulfur obtained was sold in the form of elemental sulfur (93%) and sulfuric acid (7%) and its total value was estimated to be around USD 927 million in 2014.

This byproduct sulfur is a mandatory product obtained from the processing of oil, gas, and metal, as it is regulated by environmental laws to prevent air pollution. 

This means that the sulfur must be removed during production, even if its cost exceeds the price for which it is sold.

This has led to the dominance of byproduct sulfur over other forms of sulfur production such as Frasch sulfur in the United States.


Russia sulfur production

In recent years, Russia has experienced a decline in sulfur production after a period of stability from 2010 to 2012. 

The outlook for early 2015 is not positive and it is expected that total production will decrease compared to the previous year.

This is primarily due to the state of the gas industry, which is the largest producer of sulfur in the country.


Saudi Arabia sulfur production

Aramco is the biggest sulfur producer of Saudi Arabia. 

Saudi Aramco, also known as the Saudi Arabian Oil Company, is a publicly owned oil and gas company located in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia.

As of 2020, it is one of the biggest companies globally based on revenue. The company holds the second largest proven oil reserves in the world, with over 270 billion barrels and it has the highest daily oil production among all oil-producing companies.

Additionally, Saudi Aramco has been the largest contributor to global carbon emissions of any company since 1965.

Saudi Aramco operates the Master Gas System, which is the largest hydrocarbon network in the world. 

In 2013, the company produced 3.4 billion barrels of crude oil and managed over a hundred oil and gas fields in Saudi Arabia, including 288.4 billion cubic feet of natural gas reserves.

Saudi Aramco runs the Ghawar Field, the largest onshore oil field globally, and the Safaniya Field, the largest offshore oil field in the world.


UAE sulfur production

The Abu Dhabi National Oil Company, known as ADNOC, is a diversified energy and petrochemical company fully owned by the government of Abu Dhabi.

The aim of the company is to maximize the utilization of Abu Dhabi’s extensive hydrocarbon resources in a responsible and sustainable manner by engaging in exploration and production activities, thereby supporting the economic development and diversification of the UAE.


Canada sulfur production

Most of the elemental sulfur is obtained as a result of natural gas production in Canada, but with the growth of the oil sands industry, the amount of sulfur recovered from oil sands is also rising.


Iran sulfur production

Iran was the eleventh top sulfur producer in 2021. 

It is a key player in the production of sulfur, a versatile element with numerous applications across various industries.

The country has substantial reserves of sulfur-rich crude oil and natural gas, providing a solid foundation for its sulfur production.

Iran also has a strong infrastructure in place for extracting and processing sulfur, enabling it to meet the demands for the element both domestically and globally.

Iran’s sulfur industry has been growing and expanding in recent years, and the country is now one of the leading producers of sulfur in the world.

The government’s investment in the sector and favorable policies have supported the growth and development of the industry, helping Iran establish a strong presence in the global sulfur market.

In conclusion, Iran’s position as a major sulfur exporter and producer highlights its importance and influence in the industry. 

With abundant reserves and a well-developed infrastructure, Iran is well equipped to meet the growing demand for sulfur and continues to be a significant player in the global sulfur market.




Who are the largest importers of Sulfur based on value?

As mentioned in Statista, Indonesia was the first importer of sulfur in 2020.


Top Sulfur Importing Countries in 2020

RankingCountryValue of sulfur import in 2020
1IndonesiaUSD 10.14 million
2USAUSD 8.33 million
3NigeriaUSD 3.35 million
4Czech RepublicUSD 3.33 million
5MalaysiaUSD 3.2 million
6ThailandUSD 2.44 million
7Democratic Republic of CongoUSD 2.11 million
8IndiaUSD 2.1 million
9AustriaUSD 1.83 million
10NamibiaUSD 1.67 million
11South AfricaUSD 1.64 million
12CanadaUSD 1.59 million
13VietnamUSD 1.54 million

Indonesia with USD 10.14 million of sulfur import was the first big sulfur importer of the market in 2020.


What are the main countries from which Indonesia imports sulfur?

  • UAE
  • Qatar
  • Singapore
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Brunei
  • Other Asia, nes
  • Kuwait
  • India
  • Korea
  • Switzerland


USA, Nigeria, Czech Republic, Malaysia, and Thailand were respectively in the second to sixth place of sulfur importing. Others after them can be seen in the table above.

USA import sulfur mostly from:

  • Japan
  • India
  • Canada
  • China
  • Germany
  • Other Asia, nes
  • Slovenia
  • Portugal
  • Korea


Nigeria import sulfur mostly from the countries you see below:

  • Russia
  • Turkey
  • Poland
  • India
  • Spain
  • South Africa
  • China


Czech Republic exports most of it’s Sulfur production to Vietnam, India and Peru, It also imports sulfur from Poland.


Malaysia imports most of its Sulphur from:

  • India
  • Germany
  • Netherlands


Thailand imports Sulfur mostly from:

  • India
  • Singapore Russia
  • Malaysia
  • Germany

What are the top 3 exporters and producers of sulfur in Canada? (by region)


The largest manufacturer of sulfur in Canada is Alberta. It produced approximately 4.11 million MT of sulfur in 2021. Alberta’s sulfur is elemental.

The second big sulfur producer of Canada is British Columbia. However, its sulfur production is 10 times less than the Alberta annual manufacture.

Saskatchewan is the third sulfur producing region in Canada. It produces a limited amount of sulfur.



Are you looking for a reliable sulfur exporter in Asia? 

Amoot Iranian Trading Company is one of the top sulfur exporters based in Iran supplying granular, lump, and powder sulfur of Iran and Turkmenistan to the entire world on EXW, FOB, or CIF payment terms. 

If you look for a reliable sulfur exporter in Asia and Middle East, Amoot is the best choice as its sulfur is high quality and exported at competitive prices. Please call us or send a message to us for more details.

In addition to its high-quality sulfur, Amoot Iranian Trading Company is also known for its exceptional customer service. 

The company’s experienced and knowledgeable staff is always available to answer any questions and assist customers in any way possible. 

Amoot is dedicated to providing its clients with the best possible experience and ensuring their complete satisfaction with every transaction.

The company also takes pride in its commitment to sustainability and environmental responsibility. All of its sulfur products are sourced from environmentally responsible mines, and the company works closely with its suppliers to minimize the impact of its operations on the environment.


Overall, Amoot Iranian Trading Company is a reliable and trustworthy sulfur supplier that consistently delivers top-quality products and exceptional customer service. 

If you are in the market for sulfur, look no further than Amoot for all your sulfur needs.

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